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Feeling capable in an Ubuntu way

  • In Western personnel psychology, competence- and control beliefs (CCB) are of widespread use to predict typical work-related outcomes such as well-being, achievement motivation and job performance. The predictive value and comprehension of CCB in East Africa is examined, comparing a Kenyan target with a German source sample (N=143). Responses to personality tests included qualitative interviews on items capturing control orientations (self concept of ability, internality, powerful others, and chance). Linear regression analyses, explorative factor analyses, and a procrustean target rotation showed comparable, but not fully congruent predictability for the connection of CCB with outcome variables. Factor structures of control responses did not resemble each other sufficiently. Content analyses including scale intercorrelations, quantitative and qualitative item information served for an explanation of this predictability gap, specifying differences between the German and Kenyan samples that are associated with the social-relational domain of personality. Results fit in the picture depicted by the African Ubuntu philosophy and the South African Personality Inventory project (SAPI), both emphasizing social-relational aspects. In particular, the powerful others control orientation diverges the most between the cultures. Being perceived as a negative and external factor in the German sample with its individualistic culture, powerful others is of mixed emotional quality and just as well internal, when asked for in the Kenyan sample with its Ubuntu-worldview. An uncritical transfer of CCB measures from one culture to another is assumed to be inappropriate. More emic-etic based research is demanded concerning intra- and intercultural variability of CCB to depict a transcultural applicable model.

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Author:Michaela Heinecke-Müller, Claudia Quaiser-Pohl, Priscilla W. Kariuki, Josephine N. Arasa
Document Type:Preprint
Date of completion:2020/10/01
Date of publication:2020/10/02
Publishing institution:Universität Koblenz, Universitätsbibliothek
Release Date:2020/10/02
Tag:Ubuntu; competence- and control beliefs; core self-evaluations; emic-etic; self-efficacy
Number of pages:42
Institutes:Fachbereich 1 / Institut für Psychologie
Licence (German):License LogoEs gilt das deutsche Urheberrecht: § 53 UrhG